It is a bidirectional system embedding simultaneously bottom-up/upstream participatory movement and top-down political decision-making progress.
Likewise, Wakeford (2001)argues that engagement initiatives on radioactive waste management presented as “bottom up participatory process” are better understood asconstrained “top-down” exercises in legitimation.
From Stirling, A. (2008). “Opening Up” and “Closing Down” – Power, Participation, and Pluralism in the Social Appraisal of technology. Science, Technology & Human Values, 33(2), 262-294.